What is Faecal/Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (FMT)?
Faecal Microbiota Transplantation is used to restore gut bacteria back to their normal density and diversity to aid optimal gut functionality. It is the process of implanting beneficial intestinal bacteria and yeasts from a healthy donor into the colon of a person who is lacking the essential gut microflora they need for their digestive system to function properly.
Faecal Microbiota Transplantation is also known under the following names:
- Faecal Transplant or faecal transplant
- Human Probiotic Infusion
- Faecal Bacteriotherapy
- Microbiota Restoration Therapy
- Stool donation
- Poo transplant or poop transplant
What is a Fecal/Faecal Microbiota Transplant used for?
FMT has been shown to be over 90% effective in treating the C.difficile infection in patients who had failed to respond to antibiotic treatment. In addition, academic and medical research indicates that gut bacteria may play a significant part in alleviating the symptoms of:
- Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (Crohn’s Disease & Ulcerative Colitis)
- Chronic Diarrhoea
- Irritable Bowel Syndrome – IBS (Post-Infectious, Post-Antibiotic)
- Neurological conditions such as:
- ME (Myalgic Encephalopathy)
- CFS (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome)
- MS (Multiple Sclerosis)
- Parkinson’s Disease
Gut microbiota has been linked to a number of conditions and as such, it is an exciting time for this emerging new treatment. Research and trials are underway across the world into FMT’s use and applications in the future. For more information see our Newsworthy section.
Implants at the Taymount Clinic
Providing the best possible implants is a big part of our work here at the Taymount Clinic. The process starts with a healthy donor. We test our donors thoroughly and screen for a wide range of diseases. We advise them on diet and monitor it closely to ensure that their gut contains the optimum range of microbiota. Many of the microbiota important to good gut health have a limited lifespan when exposed to oxygen or other environmental factors, so we collect the donor material under deoxygenated conditions and transport it back to the lab in an insulated container along with a sterile saline solution.
Once back in the lab, the stool sample is processed at a controlled temperature and nitrogen-rich environment to separate the microbiota from the food waste element. We then make up the implants, which are placed into fast-freeze under lab conditions for later use. The samples are stored until we have re-tested the donors to ensure the continuing safety and quality of the implants.
When the patient is ready to receive the implant, we deliver the sample via a small rectal catheter. We allow 1 hour for each transplant.